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¿Wappin? Malo / Bad

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Attica
“We are not beasts and we do not intend to be beaten or driven as such. What has happened here is but the sound before the fury of those who are oppressed.”

Canciones para cuando eres Malo por definición
Songs for when you’re bad by definition

John Lee Hooker – Bad Like Jesse James
https://youtu.be/r_ZVrR6lD4s

Linda Ronstadt – You’re No Good
https://youtu.be/6ysu2aUCwgk

Rubén Blades – Sicarios
https://youtu.be/sF2InmynRjE

George Thorogood – Bad to the Bone
https://youtu.be/nqgUG_JVzCs

Wendy O. Williams – Reform School Girls
https://youtu.be/E9UHpgWYH3I

Flora Purim – Casa Forte
https://youtu.be/JN9ZsDIasZU

Hello Seahorse! – Criminal
https://youtu.be/3isv2xskFEw

Johnny Cash – Hurt
https://youtu.be/8AHCfZTRGiI

Bruce Springsteen – Darkness at the Edge of Town
https://youtu.be/qBk3cDAepbg

Chrissy Hynde – Creep
https://youtu.be/lML2N4xB9GU

Paul Kantner & Grace Slick – Diana
https://youtu.be/Rtn8hhf591E

Joan Baez – Mary Hamilton
https://youtu.be/r-U1TR3y0Is

Carlos Martínez – El Presidiario
https://youtu.be/gkAdQF42em8

The Slickers – Johnny Too Bad
https://youtu.be/lRm7j2UL3YY

Archie Shepp – Attica Blues
https://youtu.be/xzcaO1CfBlo

 

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¿Cuántos corales hay en el Océano Pacífico?

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STRI1
Amphiprion en la repisa. Foto por David Williamson.

Medio billón de corales: el primer recuento de corales del mundo impulsa a repensar los riesgos de la extinción

por STRI

Por primera vez, los científicos han evaluado cuántos corales hay en el Océano Pacífico y han evaluado su riesgo de extinción. (En este artículo, “billón” se usa en el sentido europeo – un millón de millones – en lugar del sentido estadounidense de mil millones.)

Mientras que la respuesta a “¿cuántas especies de coral existen?” es algo que podemos buscar en Google, hasta ahora los científicos no sabían cuántas colonias de coral individuales hay en el mundo.

“En el Pacífico, estimamos que hay aproximadamente medio billón de corales”, comentó el autor principal del estudio, el Dr. Andy Dietzel del Centro de Excelencia ARC para Estudios de Arrecifes de Coral de la Universidad James Cook (Coral CoE at JCU).

“Se trata de la misma cantidad de árboles en el Amazonas o de aves en el mundo”.

Los resultados son cruciales para la investigación y conservación de los corales y los arrecifes de coral a medida que disminuyen en todo el mundo, debido a los efectos del cambio climático.

“Necesitamos conocer la abundancia de una especie para evaluar su riesgo de extinción”, comentó el Dr. Dietzel. “Sin embargo, hay muy pocos datos sobre la mayoría de las especies de plantas y animales salvajes de la Tierra, no solo los corales”.

El Dr. Dietzel comentó que las ocho especies de coral más comunes en la región tienen cada una un tamaño de población superior a los 7,800 millones de personas en la Tierra.

Los hallazgos sugieren que, si bien una pérdida local de coral puede ser devastadora para los arrecifes de coral, el riesgo de extinción global de la mayoría de las especies de coral es menor de lo estimado anteriormente.

En cambio, las extinciones podrían desarrollarse en un período de tiempo mucho más largo debido a los amplios rangos geográficos y los enormes tamaños de población de muchas especies de coral.

El coautor, el profesor Sean Connolly, de Coral CoE at JCU y el Instituto Smithsonian de Investigaciones Tropicales, comentó que el nuevo análisis del estudio de las 80 especies que la UICN considera que tienen un riesgo elevado de extinción muestra que 12 de esas especies tienen tamaños de población estimados de más de mil millones de colonias.

“Como ejemplo, el coral dedo, Porites nigrescens, se encuentra entre las diez especies más abundantes que examinamos. Tampoco se considera que sea altamente susceptible al blanqueamiento de los corales, sin embargo, actualmente está catalogado por la UICN como vulnerable a la extinción global”, comentó el profesor Connolly.

El coautor, el profesor Michael Bode de Coral CoE at JCU y la Universidad Tecnológica de Queensland, comentó: “Un tercio de las especies más raras en nuestro análisis, que cubren el diez por ciento inferior de la abundancia de especies, están, no obstante, incluidas en la lista de la UICN como de menor preocupación”.

El estudio midió el tamaño de la población de más de 300 especies de coral individuales en arrecifes en todo el Océano Pacífico, desde Indonesia hasta la Polinesia Francesa. Los científicos utilizaron una combinación de mapas de hábitats de arrecifes de coral y recuentos de colonias de coral para estimar la abundancia de especies.

El coautor, el profesor Terry Hughes de Coral CoE at JCU, comentó que los resultados del estudio tienen importantes implicaciones para la gestión y restauración de los arrecifes de coral.

“Contamos un promedio de 30 corales por metro cuadrado de hábitat de arrecifes. Esto se traduce en decenas de miles de millones de corales en la Gran Barrera de Coral, incluso después de las pérdidas recientes por los extremos climáticos”, comentó el profesor Hughes.

“La restauración de corales no es la solución al cambio climático. Tendría que cultivar alrededor de 250 millones de corales adultos para aumentar la cobertura de coral en la Gran Barrera de Coral en solo un uno por ciento”.

Comentó que el estudio destaca la oportunidad de actuar para mitigar las amenazas a las especies de arrecifes, y mucho antes de que el cambio climático provoque extinciones globales, para hacer posible una eventual recuperación de los conjuntos de arrecifes de coral.

“El desafío ahora es proteger las poblaciones silvestres de corales, porque nunca podríamos reemplazar más que un pequeño porcentaje de ellos. Es mejor prevenir que curar”, comentó el profesor Hughes.

“Dado el enorme tamaño de estas poblaciones de coral, es muy poco probable que se enfrenten a una extinción inminente. Todavía hay tiempo para protegerlos del calentamiento antropogénico, pero solo si actuamos rápidamente para reducir las emisiones de gases de efecto invernadero”.

Coral pocilloporid en el Mar del Coral. Foto por Andreas Dietzel.

Referencia: Dietzel A, Bode M, Connolly S, Hughes T. (2021). ‘The population sizes and global extinction risk of reef building coral species at biogeographic scales’. Nature Ecology & Evolution. DOI: 10.1038/s41559-021-01393-4

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Coral acroporido en el Mar del Coral. Foto por Andreas Dietzel.
 

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Dinero

The Panama News blog links, March 3, 2021

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The Panama News blog links

a Panama-centric selection of other people’s work
una selección Panamá-céntrica de las obras de otras personas

Canal, Maritime & Transportation / Canal, Marítima & Transporte

American Journal of Transportaion, ACP’s January carbon emissions estimates
Hellenic Shipping News, Taking Panama’s ship registry into the future
Mundo Marítimo, AMP licitando operación de Astilleros Balboa

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Economy / Economía

FOCO, La economía de Panamá se derrumbó un 17.9% en 2020
EFE, España refuerza controles en oficinas de cooperación tras desfalco en Panamá
BBC, Amazon rainforest plots sold via Facebook Marketplace ads
ICIJ, Lawyers, accountants play key role in cross-border financial crime, OECD warns
Varoufakis, The Goldilocks stimulus myth
BBC, Por qué Wall Street está tan interesado en comprarles deuda

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Protesting pineapple workers in Gualaca, demanding reinstatement of their union contract that was suspended under Nito’s decrees.

Science & Technology / Ciencia & Tecnología

Smithsonian Magazine, The genetics of shrinking
Mongabay, No silver bullets in conservation
MIT Technology Review, Lithium-metal batteries will speed electric car development
CBC, Archaeologists find intact ceremonial chariot near Pompeii
Reuters: Elizabeth Ann, the first cloned ferret, spurs hope for endangered species

News / Noticias

La Prensa, ‘Destruyeron mi vida y no sé cómo repararla’
Reuters, Martinelli’s plane seized in Guatemala
La Estrella, Caraballo toma posesión como procurador
TVN, El orden de vacunación
Sahara Press Service, The Saharawi Republic has an embassy here
BBC, Perú le reconozca derecho a la eutanasia
infobae, Duque se pronunció sobre la carta que le envió Biden

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LBJ Library photo by Lauren Gerson.
“Send me to help clear the rubble of racism still strewn across this country. Send me to be one of the bulldozers on behalf of equality and in the cleanup crews against injustice. Send me to disrupt injustice.”
Vernon Jordan

Opinion / Opiniones

West, My ridiculous situation at Harvard
Santana Rodríguez, El asesinato de civiles por las Fuerzas Armadas en Colombia
Gascón, Biden, bin Salman y Khashoggi
Fischer, Building back together
Gómez Nadal & Chato Carral, Carta abierta a Panamá
Pinnock, ¿Y quién controla al Estado?: una pregunta crítica obligada
Turner, A 75 años de aprobación de la Constitución de 1946
Yao: El CROAN, ¿Retorno de las bases militares de EEUU a Panamá?
Arosemena de Troitiño, Agendas ideológicas y los derechos de protección al menor

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Culture / Cultura

Variety, ‘Judas and the Black Messiah’ counters lies about Black Panthers
Sensacine, La peor película de artes marciales de la historia es española
Den of Geek, Ahmet Zappa talks legacy, labels, and his father’s inventions
Reuters, Señorita Panama pageant opens to transgender women
The Forward, Yes, Dr. Seuss wrote racist books. He still has things to teach us.

 

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Dinero

Editorial: A course correction at SENNIAF and other institutions

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dog germs or something
A protester in front of SENNIAF. So far nobody has been arrested for the abuse at facilities overseen by that government institution, but several nonviolent protesters have been arrested for “altering the public order.” The law enforcement priorities are rather obvious. As, for that matter, are the delusions in high places.

SENNIAF and its environment

First, let’s hold the hysteria and the sadism, as we let our indignation and common sense freely flow.

Say WHAT? Well, of course there are criminal laws on the books about adult men having sexual relations with minors, especially with those who are less able to defend themselves due to this or that disability. Those laws ought to be enforced. But let’s dispense with the talk about how cruel their punishment should be. Innocent until proven guilty, and then the law provides the possible penalties if guilt is proven.

However, when minor girls in custody paid for by the state become pregnant, there needs to be no criminal conviction for the state to take administrative action to protect those in its charge.

~ ~

And let’s consider the situation of a minor in state-ordered custody, in an institution or in foster care, or for that matter with one or more parents who don’t particularly care, who is impregnated by an adult. Panama’s abortion law sets a 60-day limit on abortions in the case of rape, but there has to be a police report sufficient for prosecutors to bring a case. And can you blame a girl for not knowing this, given that such and many other matters are forbidden topics in schools that by law are forbidden to impart sex education? If a girl does find out in some timely manner, in Panama children have no standing, can’t go to some office and have a guardian ad litem appointed. For Panama’s girls, there is in effect no rape exception to the draconian abortion laws. The mothers of rich girls can fly them out to Miami, Puerto Rico or some other jurisdiction where abortion is legal, or pay to have a medical abortion in a highly illegal black market. That’s not any kid who is in a SENNIAF-subsidized facility.

The use of the criminal law with respect to others to curtail the human rights of Panama’s girls is an ugly vestige of the Holy Inquisition. The churches that pressed for and got their laws should now be judged by the bitterness of the fruit that their political interventions have borne. SENNIAF is, in one great part, about unhealthy relationships between the churches and the Panamanian state.

~ ~

Reduce all accountability to a legal system that DOESN’T have Ricky Martinelli behind bars for the rest of his life? That sort of sludge seeps down to all levels of state and society. And again, this notion that absent a criminal conviction nothing can be done or should be said is legally wrong and morally repugnant when it comes to public administration.

As the long-festering SENNIAF scandals were bubbling toward the surface and the president knew or should have known that they would become public in short order, what did he do? He promoted Carla García, the daughter of his vice minister of the presidency and deputy director of SENNIAF upstairs to be governor of Panama province.

After dodging questions as long as she could, García gave a televised interview in which she pleaded that what went on in the SENNIAF-sponsored foster care facilities was not her department.

Imagine that. A director is incapacitated in some way or another and the number two person has to step in, but she has compartmentalized her knowledge and responsibility to have zero competence at a major part of what the organization does.

That’s unacceptable. It was unacceptable at SENNIAF and it makes García unacceptable as governor. Whose daughter she is, and what her party credentials are, pale beside this glaring disqualification.

That you had a SENNIAF board that put up with this is also a disqualification. As the protesters demand, all of them should also go.

~ ~

Let us, however, step back and take a broader view. The very serious abuses – not only sexual ones, but also things like kids being fed dog food and mentally disturbed youngsters being held in shackles and told to pray – affected maybe 10 or 12 of 50 SENNIAF-subsidized facilities. In the places where there were serious problems, not every person was involved.

There are complaints that a bunch of the facilities lacked proper licenses. This is an administrative failure, born of the political patronage system. It’s a treatment of government contracts as plums for favored institutions. It’s an attitude that people who get government jobs at places like SENNIAF are on a five-year ride of good pay with little or no work.

And what about the estimates bandied about in which some 90 percent of those working in SENNIAF-funded facilities have no documented qualifications?

There we should be more careful, and look beyond this particular government agency and the mostly religious organizations with which it contracts to the whole culture of care giving in Panama. From day care for kids to nursing homes, from places for the disabled to penal institutions, proper care for human beings is overall deficient here. You don’t need to take it from an editor whose stepfather died of septicemia from infected bed sores contracted at one of Panama’s better nursing homes to discover this, but maybe that’s a good starting point.

There are two “solutions” that ought to be rejected out of hand. Hiring the most expensive company with the most connected and well-dressed CEO available – or maybe headed by someone less dripping with jewelry and more forthcoming with kickbacks – would be typical. Instantly requiring people to have educational credentials to work at the care of other human beings would also be impractical.

Let’s face it: SENNIAF exists as part of a neoliberal privatization scheme, whereby the state contracts out its responsibilities to cheaper private contractors. Cheaper because the majority of the work force, the people who care for people, receive terribly low wages. Some of these folks have little in the way of formal education, but had been caring for people for much of their lives before taking their jobs, and have learned skills on the their jobs. Fire them all and demand greater credentials? In Panamanian culture that’s only a recipe for fraud.

But we CAN create specific courses at all levels of our education system to improve the quality of care. We CAN have qualified people come in and teach the staff at all institutions that care for human beings in specific skills. New faculties with more administrators who must ride around in the luxury apropos to their new positions? Forget that. But many university departments ought to be called upon to send out some of their faculty members on extension projects designed to improve the skills of low-paid care givers.

~ ~

Do we want to allow vile government-paid “influencers” to divert attention by things like slut-shaming teenage girls who get pregnant? As all of this shakes out there will be occasion to assign blame. Some of it will fall upon these finger-pointers.

But moving ahead, we should be thinking about doing properly things that were not done properly. Not as a matter of punishment, but as doing right for the people who depend on the government for care.

  

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Who was the first Latin American? Cortés – not Columbus. Columbus stayed on his boat in Portobelo Bay and wouldn’t land. He was old, like Europe.

Omar Torrijos

 

Bear in mind…

 

 

No sex, no drugs, no Siggie Freud – so why would anyone read it?

Molly Ivins

 

Falsehood and insincerity, unsuitable as they seem to the dignity of public transactions, offend us with a less degrading idea of meanness, than when they are found in the intercourse of private life.

Edward Gibbon

 

Until you’ve lost your reputation, you never realize what a burden it was.

Margaret Mitchell

 

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The murder of Jamal Khashoggi: a redacted US intelligence report

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CIA

Classified By: █
Derived From: █
Declassify On: █

(U) EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

(U) This report is provided by the ODNI. Questions should be directed to the NIO for Near East.

█ We assess that Saudi Arabia’s Crown Prince Muhammad bin Salman approved an
operation in Istanbul, Turkey to capture or kill Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi.

• █ We base this assessment on the Crown Prince’s control of decisionmaking in the
Kingdom, the direct involvement of a key adviser and members of Muhammad bin Salman’s protective detail in the operation, and the Crown Prince’s support for using violent measures to silence dissidents abroad, including Khashoggi.

• █ Since 2017, the Crown Prince has had absolute control of the Kingdom’s security
and intelligence organizations, making it highly unlikely that Saudi officials would have
carried out an operation of this nature without the Crown Prince’s authorization.

█ Assessing the Saudi Government’s Role in the Killing of Jamal Khashoggi

█ We assess that Saudi Arabia’s Crown Prince Muhammad bin Salman approved an
operation in Istanbul, Turkey to capture or kill Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi. We base this assessment on the Crown Prince’s control of decision making in the Kingdom since 2017, the direct involvement of a key adviser and members of Muhammad bin Salman’s protective detail in the operation, and the Crown Prince’s support for using violent measures to silence dissidents abroad, including Khashoggi. Since 2017, the Crown Prince has had absolute control of the Kingdom’s security and intelligence organizations, making it highly unlikely that Saudi officials would have
carried out an operation of this nature without the Crown Prince’s authorization.

• █ At the time of the Khashoggi murder, the Crown Prince probably fostered an
environment in which aides were afraid that failure to complete assigned tasks might result in him firing or arresting them. This suggests that the aides were unlikely to question Muhammad bin Salman’s orders or undertake sensitive actions without his consent.
• █ The I5-member Saudi team that arrived in Istanbul on 2 October 2018 included
officials who worked for, or were associated with, the Saudi Center for Studies and Media Affairs (CSMARC) at the Royal Court. At the time of the operation, CSMARC was led by Saud al-Qahtani, a close adviser of Muhammad bin Salman, who claimed publicly in mid-2018 that he did not make decisions without the Crown Prince’s approval.

• █ The team also included seven members of Muhammad bin Salman’s elite personal
protective detail, known as the Rapid Intervention Force (RIF). The RIF – a subset of the Saudi Royal Guard – exists to defend the Crown Prince, answers only to him, and had directly participated in earlier dissident suppression operations in the Kingdom and abroad at the Crown Prince’s direction. We judge that members of the RIF would not have participated in the operation against Khashoggi without Muhammad bin Salman’s approval.

• █ The Crown Prince viewed Khashoggi as a threat to the Kingdom and broadly
supported using violent measures if necessary to silence him. Although Saudi officials had pre-planned an unspecified operation against Khashoggi we do not know how far in advance Saudi officials decided to harm him.

█ We have high confidence that the following individuals participated in, ordered, or were otherwise complicit in or responsible for the death of Jamal Khashoggi on behalf of Muhammad bin Salman. We do not know whether these individuals knew in advance that the operation would result in Khashoggi’s death.

• (U █) Saud al-Qahtani
• █ Maher Mutreb
• █Naifal-Arifi
• █ Mohammed al-Zahrani
• █ Mansour Abahussain
• █ Badr al-Utaybah
• █ Abdul Aziz Al Hawsawi

• █ Waleed Abdullah Al Shihri
• █ Khalid Al Utaybah
• █ Tha’ar Al Harbi
• █ Fahd Shiahb Al Balawi
• █ Meshal al-Bustani
• █ Turki Al Shihri
• (U) Mustafa Al Madani
• (U) Saif Saad Al
• █ Ahmed Zayed Asiri
• █ Abdulla Mohammed Alhoeriny
• █ Yasir Khalid Alsalem
• █ Ibrahim al-Salim
• (U) Salah Al Tubaigy
• (U) Mohammed Al Utaybah

 

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Coalición de Mujeres, Ley 120

0
cerdas
Sin haber publicado la enmienda en la página de web de la legislatura, la Asamblea Nacional ya aprobó una nueva ley de adopciónes que permite que los fetos de niñas menores de edad violadas y embarazadas sean “adoptados en el útero”, obligando a las niñas a ser esclavas no remuneradas y dando derechos de propiedad a compradores de bebés que están obligadas a dar luz. Fue propuesto por neofascistas y  ultraderechistas religiosas habituales. Veremos si el presidente Cortizo lo firma. Y si lo hace, si otros países imponen sanciones por trata de personas a cualquiera de los involucrados.
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Contact us by email at / Contáctanos por correo electrónico a fund4thepanamanews@gmail.com

 

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¿Wappin? Different beliefs / Creencias diferentes

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him irie

Despite all we still find common ground
A pesar de todo, todavía encontramos puntos en común 

Alice Coltrane — Turiya And Ramakrishna
https://youtu.be/QUMuDWDVd20

The Hooters — All You Zombies
https://youtu.be/2LE0KpcP05I

I-Threes – Many Are Called
https://youtu.be/Hm2t8tUEHgY

Yusuf Islam – A is for Allah
https://youtu.be/-L-GOHa5-YQ

The Melodians – Rivers of Babylon
https://youtu.be/F-3-OVv10_M

Aretha Franklin & Mavis Staples – Oh Happy Day
https://youtu.be/wb7D-W-QW-8

Violeta Parra – Maldigo del alto cielo
https://youtu.be/P12pwUSR5V0

Lord Invader – Bed Bug Song
https://youtu.be/pwXxbMUrYsk

Joan Baez & Mercedes Sosa – Gracias a la Vida
https://youtu.be/rMuTXcf3-6A

Sarah Hester Ross – My Mother’s Savage Daughter
https://youtu.be/nPOGkeJypXw

Atahualpa Yupanqui – Preguntitas Sobre Dios
https://youtu.be/WhNliD4k47Q

Tracy Chapman – Across the Lines
https://youtu.be/kP3mpcb3Z4Q

Lord Cobra – Racombey
https://youtu.be/tgRdqq7iI4Y

Coven – One Tin Soldier
https://youtu.be/mASbP3Eq1VE

John Lennon – God
https://youtu.be/oCLsa98D7iU

Jefferson Airplane – Wooden Ships
https://youtu.be/oCLsa98D7iU

 

Contact us by email at / Contáctanos por correo electrónico a fund4thepanamanews@gmail.com

 

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Fundacion Libertad, The liberal perspective on SENNIAF

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the city
A protest in front of SENNIAF offices in Panama City.

Childhood and the rule of law


by the Fundacion Libertad

At the Fundación Libertad we repudiate the chain of physical, psychological and sexual abuses that have been reported in shelters for children and young people at social risk, under the very nose of the National Secretariat for Children, Adolescents and the Family.

Not only do we have a failed state in terms of respect for the rule of law and constitutional freedoms, but we have also failed our most vulnerable population in the most cruel ways: our children.

The protection of minors and their rights is a government function. However, Panama lacks a system of guarantees and protection that allows children and adolescents in our country to be, in effect, subjects of law with all of the protections that the law grants them.

From a liberal perspective, we consider it urgent to organize the legal framework for the protection of children and adolescents. This includes a comprehensive and scientific sexual education law, as well as the depoliticization of SENNIAF to guarantee the appointment of suitable technical personnel, and efficient use of resources at all levels to meet the needs to protect the most vulnerable children. Likewise, we demand greater control of the institutions that provide auxiliary services to these state entities and that effective filters and audits be applied to prevent the entry of predators into the system. As citizens, first and foremost, we want justice for these children. These abuses are not nw, which shows the low priority that has historically been given to the protection of children.

Now we hear that not only are the hearings for this case scheduled for the year 2023, but Attorney General Ulloa has washed his hands, leaving the job to a successor. This is an insult to these victims and their rights, as well as to all Panamanians who see ourselves reflected in those children. We demand justice, and they give us re-victimization and uncertainty.

As long as those authorities with jurisdiction do not monitor the shelters with the same zeal with which they monitor restaurants and beaches, Panamanian children will continue to be at the mercy of the indifference, ineptitude and discretion of the courts, which condemn them to a system where they are placed in the custody of untrained personnel – in the best cases — or, as we have seen, in the hands of predators.

 

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Polo Ciudadano, La renuncia de Ulloa y un sistema podrido

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Veraguas
Protesta en Veraguas.
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Contact us by email at / Contáctanos por correo electrónico a fund4thepanamanews@gmail.com

 

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Nautilus Federation, Vaccinating maritime professionals

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[To see the Neptune Declaration referred to above in PDF format, click here.]

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Contact us by email at fund4thepanamanews@gmail.com

To fend off hackers, organized trolls and other online vandalism, our website comments feature is switched off. Instead, come to our Facebook page to join in the discussion.

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